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7.3.3 Default Initial Conditions

1/5
{AI12-0265-1} {AI12-0272-1} {AI12-0396-1} For a private type or private extension (including a generic formal type), the following language-defined assertion aspect may be specified with an aspect_specification (see 13.1.1):
2/5
{AI12-0265-1} Default_Initial_Condition

This aspect shall be specified by an expression, called a default initial condition expression. Default_Initial_Condition may be specified on a private_type_declaration, a private_extension_declaration, a formal_private_type_definition, or a formal_derived_type_definition.
2.a/5
Aspect Description for Default_Initial_Condition: A condition that must hold true after the default initialization of an object.
2.a.1/5
Glossary entry: A default initial condition is a property that holds for every default-initialized object of a given type.

Name Resolution Rules

3/5
{AI12-0265-1} The expected type for a default initial condition expression is any boolean type.
4/5
{AI12-0397-1} Within a default initial condition expression associated with a declaration for a type T, a name that denotes the declaration is interpreted as a current instance of a notional (nonabstract) formal derived type NT with ancestor T, that has directly visible primitive operations.
4.a/5
Reason: This is analogous to the rule for Post'Class (see 6.1.1) and ensures that the expression is well-defined for any descendant of type T. 
4.b/5
Ramification: The operations of NT are also nonabstract, so the rule against a call of an abstract subprogram does not trigger for a default initial condition for an abstract type. Note that, presuming T is tagged, it is possible to call class-wide operations of the type T given an object of type NT. Similarly it is possible to explicitly convert an object of type NT to a subtype of T, and pass it to a nonprimitive operation expecting a parameter of type T. [Note that one cannot directly convert to (the first subtype of) T since it represents the current instance of the type within the aspect expression, but one can convert to a subtype of T (including a subtype that matches the first subtype).] 

Legality Rules

5/5
{AI12-0265-1} The Default_Initial_Condition aspect shall not be specified for a type whose partial view has unknown discriminants[, whether explicitly declared or inherited].

Static Semantics

6/5
{AI12-0265-1} If the Default_Initial_Condition aspect is specified for a type T, then the default initial condition expression applies to T and to all descendants of T.

Dynamic Semantics

7/5
{AI12-0265-1} {AI12-0397-1} If one or more default initial condition expressions apply to a [(nonabstract)] type T, then a default initial condition check is performed after successful initialization of an object of type T by default (see 3.3.1). In the case of a controlled type, the check is performed after the call to the type's Initialize procedure (see 7.6).
7.a/5
Proof: {AI12-0397-1} If T is an abstract type, then there will never be an initialization of an object of the type. 
8/5
{AI12-0265-1} If performing checks is required by the Default_Initial_Condition assertion policy (see 11.4.2) in effect at the point of the corresponding aspect_specification applicable to a given type, then the respective default initial condition expression is considered enabled.
9/5
{AI12-0265-1} {AI12-0397-1} The default initial condition check consists of the evaluation of each enabled default initial condition expression that applies to T. Any operations within such an expression that were resolved as primitive operations of the (notional) formal derived type NT, are in the evaluation of the expression resolved as for a formal derived type in an instance with T as the actual type for NT (see 12.5.1). These evaluations, if there are more than one, are performed in an arbitrary order. If any of these evaluate to False, Assertions.Assertion_Error is raised at the point of the object initialization.
9.a/5
Ramification: {AI12-0397-1} Just as is true for a formal derived type (see 12.5.1), for a tagged type T, the controlling tag of a call on a primitive of NT will cause the body of the corresponding primitive of T to be executed. For an untagged type T, invoking a primitive of NT will cause the body of the operation of the type where the aspect originated to be executed, with conversions performed as for an inherited subprogram. 
10/5
{AI12-0272-1} [For a generic formal type T, default initial condition checks performed are as determined by the actual type, along with any default initial condition of the formal type itself.]
10.a/5
Proof: This follows from the general dynamic semantics rules given above, but we mention it explicitly so that there can be no doubt that it is intended.

Implementation Permissions

11/5
{AI12-0332-1} Implementations may extend the syntax or semantics of the Default_Initial_Condition aspect in an implementation-defined manner.
11.a/5
Implementation defined: Any extensions of the Default_Initial_Condition aspect.
11.b/5
Reason: This is intended to allow preexisting usages from SPARK 2014 to remain acceptable in conforming implementations, as well as to provide future flexibility. Note the word “extend” in this permission; we expect that any aspect usage that conforms with the (other) rules of this clause will be accepted by any Ada implementation, regardless of any implementation-defined extensions. 
NOTES
12/5
14  {AI12-0312-1} For an example of the use of this aspect, see the Vector container definition in A.18.2.

Extensions to Ada 2012

12.a/5
{AI12-0265-1} {AI12-0272-1} {AI12-0397-1} Aspect Default_Initial_Condition is new. 

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