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A.10.8 Input-Output for Integer Types

Static Semantics

1
The following procedures are defined in the generic packages Integer_IO and Modular_IO, which have to be instantiated for the appropriate signed integer or modular type respectively (indicated by Num in the specifications).
2
Values are output as decimal or based literals, without low line characters or exponent, and, for Integer_IO, preceded by a minus sign if negative. The format (which includes any leading spaces and minus sign) can be specified by an optional field width parameter. Values of widths of fields in output formats are of the nonnegative integer subtype Field. Values of bases are of the integer subtype Number_Base. 
3
subtype Number_Base is Integer range 2 .. 16;
4
The default field width and base to be used by output procedures are defined by the following variables that are declared in the generic packages Integer_IO and Modular_IO:
5
Default_Width : Field := Num'Width;
Default_Base  : Number_Base := 10;
6
The following procedures are provided: 
7
procedure Get(File : in File_Type; Item : out Num; Width : in Field := 0);
procedure Get(Item : out Num; Width : in Field := 0);
8
If the value of the parameter Width is zero, skips any leading blanks, line terminators, or page terminators, then reads a plus sign if present or (for a signed type only) a minus sign if present, then reads the longest possible sequence of characters matching the syntax of a numeric literal without a point. If a nonzero value of Width is supplied, then exactly Width characters are input, or the characters (possibly none) up to a line terminator, whichever comes first; any skipped leading blanks are included in the count.
9
Returns, in the parameter Item, the value of type Num that corresponds to the sequence input.
10/3
{AI05-0038-1} The exception Data_Error is propagated if the sequence of characters read does not form a legal integer literal or if the value obtained is not of the subtype Num.
11
procedure Put(File  : in File_Type;
              Item  : in Num;
              Width : in Field := Default_Width;
              Base  : in Number_Base := Default_Base);

procedure Put(Item  : in Num;
              Width : in Field := Default_Width;
              Base  : in Number_Base := Default_Base);
12
Outputs the value of the parameter Item as an integer literal, with no low lines, no exponent, and no leading zeros (but a single zero for the value zero), and a preceding minus sign for a negative value.
13
If the resulting sequence of characters to be output has fewer than Width characters, then leading spaces are first output to make up the difference.
14
Uses the syntax for decimal literal if the parameter Base has the value ten (either explicitly or through Default_Base); otherwise, uses the syntax for based literal, with any letters in upper case.
15
procedure Get(From : in String; Item : out Num; Last : out Positive);
16
Reads an integer value from the beginning of the given string, following the same rules as the Get procedure that reads an integer value from a file, but treating the end of the string as a file terminator. Returns, in the parameter Item, the value of type Num that corresponds to the sequence input. Returns in Last the index value such that From(Last) is the last character read.
17
The exception Data_Error is propagated if the sequence input does not have the required syntax or if the value obtained is not of the subtype Num.
18
procedure Put(To   : out String;
              Item : in Num;
              Base : in Number_Base := Default_Base);
19
Outputs the value of the parameter Item to the given string, following the same rule as for output to a file, using the length of the given string as the value for Width. 
20
Integer_Text_IO is a library package that is a nongeneric equivalent to Text_IO.Integer_IO for the predefined type Integer: 
21
with Ada.Text_IO;
package Ada.Integer_Text_IO is new Ada.Text_IO.Integer_IO(Integer);
22
For each predefined signed integer type, a nongeneric equivalent to Text_IO.Integer_IO is provided, with names such as Ada.Long_Integer_Text_IO.

Implementation Permissions

23
The nongeneric equivalent packages may, but need not, be actual instantiations of the generic package for the appropriate predefined type.
NOTES
24/3
{AI05-0038-1}
Paragraphs 24 and 25 were deleted. 

Examples

25/1
26/3
{AI05-0298-1} subtype Byte_Int is Integer range -127 .. 127;
package Int_IO is new Integer_IO(Byte_Int); use Int_IO;
-- default format used at instantiation,
-- Default_Width = 4, Default_Base = 10
27
Put(126);                            -- "b126"
Put(-126, 7);                        -- "bbb–​126"
Put(126, Width => 13, Base => 2);    -- "bbb2#1111110#"

Inconsistencies With Ada 2005

27.a/3
{AI05-0038-1} Correction: Changed wording to make Integer_IO and Modular_IO raise Data_Error in the same way when the bounds of the subtype are exceeded. There is no value to different behavior, and all surveyed compilers already treat integer and modular values the same way. This could only cause a problem if a program was compiled with some unsurveyed compiler, and the Ada 95-defined behavior is expected for Modular_IO. But note that such code is not portable anyway, as most widely used compilers behave consistently with the new wording, so it is unlikely that such code exists. 

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