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A.18.5 The Generic Package Containers.Hashed_Maps

Static Semantics

1/2
The generic library package Containers.Hashed_Maps has the following declaration: 
2/3
with Ada.Iterator_Interfaces;
generic
   type Key_Type is private;
   type Element_Type is private;
   with function Hash (Key : Key_Type) return Hash_Type;
   with function Equivalent_Keys (Left, Right : Key_Type)
      return Boolean;
   with function "=" (Left, Right : Element_Type)
      return Boolean is <>;
package Ada.Containers.Hashed_Maps is
   pragma Preelaborate(Hashed_Maps);
   pragma Remote_Types(Hashed_Maps);
3/3
   type Map is tagged private
      with Constant_Indexing => Constant_Reference,
           Variable_Indexing => Reference,
           Default_Iterator  => Iterate,
           Iterator_Element  => Element_Type;
   pragma Preelaborable_Initialization(Map);
4/2
   type Cursor is private;
   pragma Preelaborable_Initialization(Cursor);
5/2
   Empty_Map : constant Map;
6/2
   No_Element : constant Cursor;
6.1/3
   function Has_Element (Position : Cursor) return Boolean;
6.2/3
   package Map_Iterator_Interfaces is new
       Ada.Iterator_Interfaces (Cursor, Has_Element);
7/2
   function "=" (Left, Right : Map) return Boolean;
8/2
   function Capacity (Container : Map) return Count_Type;
9/2
   procedure Reserve_Capacity (Container : in out Map;
                               Capacity  : in     Count_Type);
10/2
   function Length (Container : Map) return Count_Type;
11/2
   function Is_Empty (Container : Map) return Boolean;
12/2
   procedure Clear (Container : in out Map);
13/2
   function Key (Position : Cursor) return Key_Type;
14/2
   function Element (Position : Cursor) return Element_Type;
15/2
   procedure Replace_Element (Container : in out Map;
                              Position  : in     Cursor;
                              New_Item  : in     Element_Type);
16/2
   procedure Query_Element
     (Position : in Cursor;
      Process  : not null access procedure (Key     : in Key_Type;
                                            Element : in Element_Type));
17/2
   procedure Update_Element
     (Container : in out Map;
      Position  : in     Cursor;
      Process   : not null access procedure
                      (Key     : in     Key_Type;
                       Element : in out Element_Type));
17.1/3
   type Constant_Reference_Type
         (Element : not null access constant Element_Type) is private
      with Implicit_Dereference => Element;
17.2/3
   type Reference_Type (Element : not null access Element_Type) is private
      with Implicit_Dereference => Element;
17.3/3
   function Constant_Reference (Container : aliased in Map;
                                Position  : in Cursor)
      return Constant_Reference_Type;
17.4/3
   function Reference (Container : aliased in out Map;
                       Position  : in Cursor)
      return Reference_Type;
17.5/3
   function Constant_Reference (Container : aliased in Map;
                                Key       : in Key_Type)
      return Constant_Reference_Type;
17.6/3
   function Reference (Container : aliased in out Map;
                       Key       : in Key_Type)
      return Reference_Type;
17.7/3
   procedure Assign (Target : in out Map; Source : in Map);
17.8/3
   function Copy (Source : Map; Capacity : Count_Type := 0) return Map;
18/2
   procedure Move (Target : in out Map;
                   Source : in out Map);
19/2
   procedure Insert (Container : in out Map;
                     Key       : in     Key_Type;
                     New_Item  : in     Element_Type;
                     Position  :    out Cursor;
                     Inserted  :    out Boolean);
20/2
   procedure Insert (Container : in out Map;
                     Key       : in     Key_Type;
                     Position  :    out Cursor;
                     Inserted  :    out Boolean);
21/2
   procedure Insert (Container : in out Map;
                     Key       : in     Key_Type;
                     New_Item  : in     Element_Type);
22/2
   procedure Include (Container : in out Map;
                      Key       : in     Key_Type;
                      New_Item  : in     Element_Type);
23/2
   procedure Replace (Container : in out Map;
                      Key       : in     Key_Type;
                      New_Item  : in     Element_Type);
24/2
   procedure Exclude (Container : in out Map;
                      Key       : in     Key_Type);
25/2
   procedure Delete (Container : in out Map;
                     Key       : in     Key_Type);
26/2
   procedure Delete (Container : in out Map;
                     Position  : in out Cursor);
27/2
   function First (Container : Map)
      return Cursor;
28/2
   function Next (Position  : Cursor) return Cursor;
29/2
   procedure Next (Position  : in out Cursor);
30/2
   function Find (Container : Map;
                  Key       : Key_Type)
      return Cursor;
31/2
   function Element (Container : Map;
                     Key       : Key_Type)
      return Element_Type;
32/2
   function Contains (Container : Map;
                      Key       : Key_Type) return Boolean;
33/3
This paragraph was deleted.
34/2
   function Equivalent_Keys (Left, Right : Cursor)
      return Boolean;
35/2
   function Equivalent_Keys (Left  : Cursor;
                             Right : Key_Type)
      return Boolean;
36/2
   function Equivalent_Keys (Left  : Key_Type;
                             Right : Cursor)
      return Boolean;
37/2
   procedure Iterate
     (Container : in Map;
      Process   : not null access procedure (Position : in Cursor));
37.1/3
   function Iterate (Container : in Map)
      return Map_Iterator_Interfaces.Forward_Iterator'Class;
38/2
private
39/2
   ... -- not specified by the language
40/2
end Ada.Containers.Hashed_Maps;
41/2
 An object of type Map contains an expandable hash table, which is used to provide direct access to nodes. The capacity of an object of type Map is the maximum number of nodes that can be inserted into the hash table prior to it being automatically expanded.
42/2
 Two keys K1 and K2 are defined to be equivalent if Equivalent_Keys (K1, K2) returns True.
43/2
 The actual function for the generic formal function Hash is expected to return the same value each time it is called with a particular key value. For any two equivalent key values, the actual for Hash is expected to return the same value. If the actual for Hash behaves in some other manner, the behavior of this package is unspecified. Which subprograms of this package call Hash, and how many times they call it, is unspecified.
44/2
 The actual function for the generic formal function Equivalent_Keys on Key_Type values is expected to return the same value each time it is called with a particular pair of key values. It should define an equivalence relationship, that is, be reflexive, symmetric, and transitive. If the actual for Equivalent_Keys behaves in some other manner, the behavior of this package is unspecified. Which subprograms of this package call Equivalent_Keys, and how many times they call it, is unspecified.
45/2
 If the value of a key stored in a node of a map is changed other than by an operation in this package such that at least one of Hash or Equivalent_Keys give different results, the behavior of this package is unspecified.
46/2
 Which nodes are the first node and the last node of a map, and which node is the successor of a given node, are unspecified, other than the general semantics described in A.18.4.
47/2
function Capacity (Container : Map) return Count_Type;
48/2
Returns the capacity of Container.
49/2
procedure Reserve_Capacity (Container : in out Map;
                            Capacity  : in     Count_Type);
50/2
Reserve_Capacity allocates a new hash table such that the length of the resulting map can become at least the value Capacity without requiring an additional call to Reserve_Capacity, and is large enough to hold the current length of Container. Reserve_Capacity then rehashes the nodes in Container onto the new hash table. It replaces the old hash table with the new hash table, and then deallocates the old hash table. Any exception raised during allocation is propagated and Container is not modified.
51/2
Reserve_Capacity tampers with the cursors of Container.
52/2
procedure Clear (Container : in out Map);
53/2
In addition to the semantics described in A.18.4, Clear does not affect the capacity of Container.
53.1/3
procedure Assign (Target : in out Map; Source : in Map);
53.2/3
In addition to the semantics described in A.18.4, if the length of Source is greater than the capacity of Target, Reserve_Capacity (Target, Length (Source)) is called before assigning any elements.
53.3/3
function Copy (Source : Map; Capacity : Count_Type := 0) return Map;
53.4/3
Returns a map whose keys and elements are initialized from the keys and elements of Source. If Capacity is 0, then the map capacity is the length of Source; if Capacity is equal to or greater than the length of Source, the map capacity is at least the specified value. Otherwise, the operation propagates Capacity_Error.
54/2
procedure Insert (Container : in out Map;
                  Key       : in     Key_Type;
                  New_Item  : in     Element_Type;
                  Position  :    out Cursor;
                  Inserted  :    out Boolean);
55/2
In addition to the semantics described in A.18.4, if Length (Container) equals Capacity (Container), then Insert first calls Reserve_Capacity to increase the capacity of Container to some larger value.
56/2
function Equivalent_Keys (Left, Right : Cursor)
      return Boolean;
57/2
Equivalent to Equivalent_Keys (Key (Left), Key (Right)).
58/2
function Equivalent_Keys (Left  : Cursor;
                          Right : Key_Type) return Boolean;
59/2
Equivalent to Equivalent_Keys (Key (Left), Right).
60/2
function Equivalent_Keys (Left  : Key_Type;
                          Right : Cursor) return Boolean;
61/2
Equivalent to Equivalent_Keys (Left, Key (Right)).
61.1/3
function Iterate (Container : in Map)
   return Map_Iterator_Interfaces.Forward_Iterator'Class;
61.2/3
Iterate returns an iterator object (see 5.5.1) that will generate a value for a loop parameter (see 5.5.2) designating each node in Container, starting with the first node and moving the cursor according to the successor relation. Tampering with the cursors of Container is prohibited while the iterator object exists (in particular, in the sequence_of_statements of the loop_statement whose iterator_specification denotes this object). The iterator object needs finalization.

Implementation Advice

62/2
 If N is the length of a map, the average time complexity of the subprograms Element, Insert, Include, Replace, Delete, Exclude and Find that take a key parameter should be O(log N). The average time complexity of the subprograms that take a cursor parameter should be O(1). The average time complexity of Reserve_Capacity should be O(N). 

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